White cabbage (Cabbage) (Brassica oleracea convar. capitata var. alba)


Cabbage (Brassica)
    → Cabbage family (Brassicaceae or Cruciferae)

White cabbage (Cabbage)


Southernwood, Peppermint, Rosemary, Sage, Celery, marigold, Tomatoes
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Early start: from end of February to April (Start growing under glass or in a cold frame)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from March to beginning of June
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: If started early: 4 weeks after early start, if bought: from beginning of March to mid August
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 50.0 cm x 50.0 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 40 – 60 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: If started early: from 74 days after early start to 110 days after early start, if sown: from 74 days after seeding to 110 days after seeding, if planted: from 60 days after planting to 95 days after planting. Not before mid May and not after end of October (Varieties on the fresh market), If started early: from 134 days after early start to 164 days after early start, if sown: from 134 days after seeding to 164 days after seeding, if planted: from 120 days after planting to 150 days after planting. Not before mid August and not after end of November (Varieties suitable for storage)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Artichokes, Aubergines, Black salsify, Bush beans, Carrots, Celery, Chard, Endives, Peas, Rhubarb, Salad, Spinach, sweet pepper, Tomatoes, Turnips
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cauliflower, Garlic, Kale, Onions, Pointed cabbage, Red cabbage, Savoy cabbage, Spring onions
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> There is branching cabbage which is a perennial wild cabbage.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Your need: One person consumes an average of 4.8 kg a year.
Require a lot of nutrients
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The types of white cabbage range from (very) early varieties to varieties which keep for a long time, from flat to round and from particularly large to mini cabbages.
Their time to develop ranges from 3 to 5 and a half months for the varieties which keep for longer.


They prefer a sunny location with loamy garden soil which is rich in nutrients.


Propagate via seeds. Leave individual cabbage plants in the bed after the harvest and allow them to flower.

Branching cabbage (a perennial) is propagated by division or cuttings in spring.
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Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

Carrots, Celery, Endives, Fennel, Leeks, Onions, Peas, Potatoes, Pumpkin, Salad, Spinach, Strawberries, Sweet corn


The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
4 year(s) Bush beans, Tomatoes
2 year(s) Cucumbers


In general, white cabbage is seen as frost-hardy, however the plants should be covered to protect them at icy temperatures (e.g. using a winter fleece).


It's possible to grow them in batches at intervals of time.

  • Water regularly.
    Irregular watering will cause the heads to burst.
  • Fertilise regularly.
  • Loosen up the bed at regular intervals
Use coffee grounds as a fertilizer and at the same time as a natural defence against snails.


Pests: Birds, aphids, flea beetles, snails, cabbage white butterfly caterpillars
Preventative measures:
Installing a snail fence or mixing dry coffee grounds with some garden soil and spreading it on the bed will keep snails away.

Diseases: Fungal spores, clubroot
Destroy affected plants, don't compost them.
Preventative measures:
Rotate crops correctly: For 7 years, do not grow any plants from the cabbage family in the same bed.


The time to harvest depends upon the variety of cabbage and on the date it was sowed.
If overwintered, white cabbage can be harvested from the spring.

The spring and early summer varieties can be harvested from early summer (in central Europe that means June).
Varieties planted late should remain out in the open until the frost starts.

Whatever the variety, you should not wait too long to harvest ripe cabbage, as there is otherwise a risk of the heads bursting.

  • Cabbage can be harvested several times.
    If you leave a 1 - 2 cm high stump with leaves when harvesting, white cabbage, like all cabbages, will sprout again. There will then be more heads, but a little smaller.
  • From branching cabbage you can harvest green leaves in both summer and winter.


Normally white cabbage keeps quite well:

  • Pu the cabbage heads together with their surrounding leaves in airy wooden boxes and cover with sacking.
  • Hang up cabbage heads from their stalks.
Early varieties do not keep.
including Dithmarscher Früher
Fresh market varieties can be stored until the end of December/January
including Eton, Perfecta Varieties more suitable for storage will keep for a long time e.g. about 8 months
including the varieties of Rivera F, Bartolo F: early November until end of June/July


White cabbage can be used to make stews, cabbage quiche, stuffed cabbage or salads. The more voluminous varieties are used for sauerkraut.
Compared to other cabbage varieties, white cabbage contains the most vitamin C which is not lost by cooking.


One person consumes an average of 4.8 kg a year.
Der Pro Kopf Weißkohl und Rotkohl Verbrauch liegt bei etwa 4,8 Kilo jährlich. Quellen: BLE; BMELV; DESTATIS; LfL Stand: 14.03.2013.

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