Brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera)


Cabbage family (Brassicaceae or Cruciferae)



Camomile, Annual herbs, Marigold, Celery, marigold
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Early start: from March to April
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from April to beginning of May
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: If started early: 4 weeks after early start, if bought: from April to end of May
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 50.0 cm x 50.0 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 50 – 100 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: If started early: 6 months after early start, if sown: 6 months after seeding, if planted: from September to November. Not before September and not after November (Early variety), year 1: If sown: from 6 months after seeding to 7 months after seeding, if planted: 220 days after planting. Not before November and not after December (Late variety)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny, partial shade
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Artichokes, Aubergines, Black salsify, Bush beans, Carrots, Celery, Chard, Endives, Peas, Rhubarb, Salad, Spinach, Tomatoes, Turnips
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Broccoli, Cauliflower, Garlic, Kale, Onions, Pointed cabbage, Red cabbage, Savoy cabbage, Spring onions, White cabbage
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> It's possible to grow them in batches at intervals of time.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Your need: One person consumes an average of 350 g a year.
Require a lot of nutrients
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Brussels sprouts produce quite a tall stalk (50 to 70 cm) with green-white or red-white sprouts positioned in a spiral around the stalk. The sprouts can reach a diameter of 10 to about 50 mm.


They need a sunny to partially shaded location with good, loose garden soil.


Brussels sprouts propagate from seeds.


Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

Broad beans, Carrots, Celery, Cucumbers, Endives, Leeks, Onions, Peas, Potatoes, Pumpkin, Salad, Spinach, Strawberries, Sweet corn


The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:


They are moderately winter-hardy. In very cold regions, the whole plants must be overwintered in a protected, shaded location. Multiple frosts below -10°C will damage the sprouts.


  • It is possible to grow them in batches at intervals of time.
  • Plant the young plants quite deep and water well.
  • While the sprouts are forming (in autumn) regularly water well
  • When the first sprouts have grown (in autumn), pinch out the growing tip, so that the sprouts grow to a larger and more even size.
  • Regularly remove rotting buds and yellow leaves.


Pests: Cabbage white butterfly caterpillars, flea beetles
Preventative measures: Always keep the soil moist and hoe regularly to keep flea beetles away.

  • Regular wiping down can remove eggs or caterpillars from cabbage whites.
  • A cardboard collar around the root crown can prevent the cabbage root flies or cabbage white butterflies from laying eggs.


Brussels sprouts are harvested from the bottom to the top of the plant.
If the Brussels sprouts are not harvested then, after overwintering, in spring they will produce shoots which will bear flowers in summer.


Brussels sprouts freeze really well.


Brussels sprouts taste good as a salad as well as a cooked vegetable.


One person consumes an average of 350 g a year.
Der Pro Kopf Rosenkohl Verbrauch liegt bei etwa 0,35 Kilo jährlich. Quellen: BLE; BMELV; DESTATIS; LfL Stand: 14.03.2013.

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