Cauliflower (Brassica oleracea)


Cabbage (Brassica)
    → Cabbage family (Brassicaceae or Cruciferae)



Dill, Marigolds, Southernwood, Rosemary, Sage, Chives, Celery, marigold
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Early start: from mid February to March
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from March to April (Cold frame)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: If started early: 4 weeks after early start, if bought: from April to July
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 50.0 cm x 50.0 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Height: 30 – 50 cm
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: If started early: 18 weeks after early start, if sown: 20 weeks after seeding, if planted: from June to October
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Good Neighbours: Bush beans, Celery, Tomatoes
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Bad Neighbours: Brussels sprouts, Kale, Onions, Pointed cabbage, Potatoes, Red cabbage, Savoy cabbage, Spring onions, Strawberries, White cabbage
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> In regions with a mild climate in winter, cauliflower can also be harvested in winter.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Your need: One person consumes an average of 2.35 kg a year.
Require a lot of nutrients
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With cauliflower, if the plants are not harvested, the flower head and then the seeds will form in the very first year, in contrast to other varieties of cabbage.


Cauliflower requires a lot of nutrient and also requires a warm position in full sun. It tolerates fresh organic fertiliser.


Propagation by seed.


Bush beans, Celery, Tomatoes


Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

Carrots, Celery, Cucumbers, Endives, Fennel, Leeks, Onions, Peas, Potatoes, Pumpkin, Salad, Spinach, Strawberries, Sweet corn


The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
3 – 4 year(s) Cauliflower


To protect from frost, cover cauliflower with a fleece.


  • Hoe regularly.
  • Water during dry weather and cover if the sun is really strong to avoid it yellowing.


Pests: Flea beetles, cabbage root flies, cabbage white butterfly caterpillars and turnip sawflies.
Regular wiping down can remove eggs or caterpillars from cabbage whites.
Preventative measures:

  • Always keep the soil moist and hoe regularly (to prevent/reduce infestation by flea beetles).
  • A cardboard collar around the root crown can prevent the cabbage root flies or cabbage white butterflies from laying eggs.
  • Space the plants well and leave a gap of at least three years before planting them again in the same bed.
  • When harvesting, pull out the stalks and destroy them.


When grown in the open, harvesting is possible from spring to late autumn. In regions with a mild climate in winter, cauliflower can also be harvested in winter.


At a temperature of no more than 10°C, cauliflower can be kept fresh for up to three days.
Cauliflower can be frozen; briefly blanch it to keep the taste and the nutrients and then put the rosettes in a freezer container into the freezer compartment.
It is important to remove the leaves before storing.


Cauliflower can be boiled, steamed, baked or cooked in a gratin dish. Cauliflower goes well with casseroles and soups.


One person consumes an average of 2.35 kg a year.
Der Blumenkohl- und Grünkohl-Verbrauch lag laut der Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung (BLE) für das Jahr 2014 um 2,35 kg pro Kopf/Jahr.

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