Perennial aster herbs: Southernwood 


Aster family (Compositae)

Perennial aster herbs: Southernwood


Sage, Chives, Thyme
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from mid March to beginning of September
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: from April to September
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 60.0 cm x 60.0 cm Depends upon the type of plant.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: Year 1: If sown: 6 weeks after seeding, if planted: 4 weeks after planting, year 2: from May to frost
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny, partial shade, sheltered habitat
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Perennial. Plant southernwood at a distance of 50 cm to other plants as it tends to proliferate quite voluminously.
Tarragon's aromatic essential oil keeps unwanted pests away such as carrot flies and onion flies.
Tarragon improves the ability to germinate and repels insect pests.
garten feinde


  • Southernwood:
    This is a wintergreen, bushy, aromatic subshrub or perennial herbaceous plant which mostly grows to a height of 50 to 130 centimetres.
    There are two varieties:
    - lemon southernwood with a lemon scent.
    - Camphor southernwood with a pungent smell.
  • Tarragon:
    Tarragon is a perennial herbaceous plant which grows to a height of 60 to 150 centimetres.
    In comparison to Russian tarragon, French and German tarragon produce more essential oil.
    The various varieties of tarragon include the following:
    - Russian or Siberian tarragon
    - French or true tarragon
    - German tarragon. It is more robust than French tarragon.


  • Southernwood:
    Warm location in full sun with loose, light, chalky and well drained soil.
  • Tarragon:
    Warm, sunny, protected location with poor soil.
    German and Russian tarragon can be used as a vegetable by growing in a moist soil which is rich in nutrients.


  • Southernwood:
    Propagate by sowing in spring, by dividing plants or using cuttings in late summer.
    Southernwood needs light to germinate so only spread the seeds loosely on the soil and press on, but do not cover with soil.
  • Tarragon:
    In autumn, cut the dried, old stems back to about 10 to 15 cm. Tip:
    The aromatic varieties of tarragon have been selectively bred so they can only be propagated vegetatively i.e. by dividing the top cuttings or the rootstock.
    Russian tarragon can also be grown from seeds (which need light to germinate).




Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

(not specified)


The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:


  • Southernwood:
    Southernwood is winter-hardy and will survive winter in the garden without major damage.
  • Tarragon:
    Russian and German tarragon can overwinter in the garden. Winter-hardy down to -10°C.
    Young French tarragon is quite sensitive to frost.


  • Southernwood:
    Southernwood is not very demanding.
    In spring work some horn shavings or compost into the soil and cut the plant back.
    Water sparingly.
    • Plant southernwood at a distance of 50 cm to other plants as it tends to proliferate quite voluminously.
    • Its aromatic essential oil keeps unwanted pests away.
  • Tarragon:
    In autumn, cut back the dry, old stalks to about 10 to 15 cm. Tip:
    Cutting the tips of the stalks back to about one half encourages the development of new side shoots.



  • If planted between cabbage, carrots or onions or if twigs are just pushed in, southernwood will keep pests such as carrot flies and onion flies at bay.
  • Tarragon encourages the ability to germinate and repels insect pests.


  • Southernwood:
    Southernwood can be harvested over the whole summer but primarily in autumn. Leaves, shoot tips and whole branches can be harvested.
    They have the highest level of active substances in high and late summer (July and August).
  • Tarragon:
    This can be harvested from spring until the first frost.


  • Southernwood:
    Southernwood can be kept by freezing or drying. Southernwood's aroma is not lost when dried.
  • Tarragon:
    In a plastic bag in the fridge, tarragon will stay fresh for a while.
    Freeze in an ice cube tray with a very little water.


  • Southernwood:
    Southernwood is particularly used to spice greasy meals, especially goose and duck dishes.
    Historically, southernwood was frequently used in the kitchen, it was used for medicinal purposes and it was used to control moths.

    - Southernwood supports digestive processes and the function of the liver.
    - It relaxes cramps in period pains
    Be careful with the quantity as even small amounts of southernwood are sufficient to give food a spicy and slightly bitter taste.
  • Tarragon:
    Tarragon is used to spice salads, curd cheese, herb butter, fish, poultry, soups and vegetable dishes.
    The fresh leaves of tarragon are used as well as the tips of twigs.


Location of your garden:   (Unknown Address)