Perennial umbellifer herbs 



Perennial umbellifer herbs


glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Early start: beginning of February
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Seeding: from March to mid April (Location: Sunny to partial shade.)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Division: from September to October (The roots of the 2 to 3 year old plant. A single lovage plant in the garden is enough to cover the entire family's need for this herb.)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Planting: If started early: 8 weeks after early start, if bought: mid May
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Distance: 80.0 – 100 cm x 10.0 – 80.0 cm Depends upon the type of plant.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Harvest: Year 1: no harvest (Caraway), year 1: no harvest (Lovage), year 1: If sown: 6 weeks after seeding, if planted: from May to frost (My herb)
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> Habitat: sunny, partial shade, sheltered habitat, Depends upon the type of plant.
glyphicon <%# Eval("Title") %> These perennial herbs do not like it if they get new neighbours every year.

  • Caraway
  • Lovage
  • My herb
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The perennial herbs shown here mostly need quite a lot of space.

  • Caraway:
    This is a biennial plant which grows to a height of up to 100 cm, but on average grows to between 30 and 50 cm.
    It is mostly cultivated in the Netherlands, Egypt and eastern Europe.
  • Lovage:
    This is a bush which can reach a height of up to 2 m. It restricts neighbouring plants but is compatible with lilies.
    A single lovage plant in the garden is enough to cover the entire family's need for this herb.


  • Caraway:
    Sunny or partially shaded and somewhat wind-protected location with normal garden soil.
  • Lovage:
    Sunny or partially shaded location with loose, moist, deep, loamy soil which is rich in humus.


  • Caraway:
    Propagate via seeds.
  • Lovage:
    Propagate by division in late autumn or in spring. Each part must have a shoot tip.




Plants that are well suited for next year cultivation:

(not specified)


The following plants should not be planted in the following years:

How many years: Not to plant:
3 year(s) Annual herbs, Carrots, Celery, Fennel, Lovage, Parsley, Parsnips, Perennial umbellifer herbs
2 year(s) Radish


  • Caraway:
    It can generally withstand low temperatures but a little protection (from the wind, heap up some compost) is to be recommended for a good yield.
  • Lovage:
    This is winter-hardy.


  • Caraway:
    Water regularly, even on frost-free days in winter, as long as ice and snow does not provide a natural supply of water.
    In autumn, before the frost put plenty of compost around the plants in the soil.
  • Lovage:
    Lots of compost and organic fertiliser. Mulch. Ensure that the soil is well drained.


  • Caraway:
    Pests: Caraway gall mite, gorse tip moth
    Diseases: Umbel wilt, fungal diseases


  • Caraway:
    Harvesting can start in the second year of growth as the flowers and fruit slowly turn brown.
    Then the stems bearing fruit and flowers are cut off an are bundled together in small quantities, hung up and dried. After this the seeds are extracted e.g. by rubbing the bundles between your hands.
  • Lovage:
    In the first year only harvest a little of the herb, and the root at the earliest in the 2nd year.
    Harvest the leaves during the summer and autumn, and the roots in early autumn (in central Europe in September).


  • Caraway:
    In a dark and cool place, this can be kept for up to five years.
    Ground caraway should be used within 8 months as it loses its aroma over time.
  • Lovage:
    Its roots and leaves can be dried. Young leaves are suitable for freezing.


  • Caraway:
    The leaves, roots and stems of caraway are used.
    The leaves are used for soups and salads.
    To keep the full aroma, only add at the end of cooking.
    Caraway seeds are used for dishes which are hard to digest such as cabbage dishes and if suffering from colic or flatulence.
    The roots can be cooked as a vegetable.
  • Lovage:
    This is used to spice curd cheese and soups. It can be used with roasts, fish or meat marinades and for vegetable dishes.
    Dried lovage fruit help with digestive problems and flatulence.


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